Ivana Hebrang Grgić (Univ Zagreb, Fac Humanities and Social Sciences, HR).
Abstract: The presentation will try to focus on major problems Open Access (OA) movement is facing today. The movement arose form the “old tradition” that met new technologies and was supposed to be solution to the journal crisis which culminated in 1990s. The idea, defined in the Budapest Open Access Initiative, was to assure free and unrestricted online availability of peer-reviewed journal literature. The beginnings of formal scholarly communication, back in 1665, had similar ideas of making research results available to the widest possible public. Has OA movement achieved its goal? Has it evolved in the way it was supposed to? The idea was excellent – removing access barriers would increase visibility, impact and quality of research. And indeed, it is proven that OA articles have better impact and visibility (Brody, Harnad etc.). But publishing scientific information has its costs. New models have been developed, some of them causing new restrictions and barriers. The most popular model is author-pay model – if the author can afford paying, his work would be more visible and more citable. But if he can’t, a new problem arises – some research results, although valuable, are not published at all. Another problem is phenomenon of so-called predatory publishers that neglect quality control mechanisms in order to make profit. Those publishers are a great threat to the development of science.
The presentation will also discuss Croatian OA publishers and their cost models. Croatia is scientifically peripheral country with a great number of OA journals. Bad practices that could endanger OA journal publishing in Croatia will be identified.
In conclusion, we will try to answer the question from the title – was Open Access deus ex machina, i. e. did it solve the access crisis.
Short Biography: Ivana Hebrang Grgić works as a research and teaching assistant at the Department of Information and Communication Sciences, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Zagreb. Her PhD thesis in 2009 was Open access to scientific information in Croatian journals and digital repositories. Her courses are Journals and scientific communication, History of book and libraries, Libraries and library collections and Introduction to librarianship. She authored numerous papers and one book – Open Access to Scientific Information in Croatia: Increasing Research Impact of a Scientifically Peripheral Country. Her interests include scholarly publishing, information ethics, e-learning environment, Web 2.0 in libraries etc.